Milton Keynes created over 50 years ago now to provide a range of housing opportunities for the overpopulated areas of London.
Various areas across the UK planned to become new towns, and were passed over to different development corporations to be developed (1946 new towns Act), Milton Keynes was one of those new towns.
The organisation responsible for the development of Milton Keynes was the Milton Keynes Development Corporation. At that time the other new towns due to be developed as part of the 1946 new towns act were Redditch, Stevenage and Bracknell.
Newtown Plans Across English Countryside
The new towns were planned to be built around several existing settlements on undeveloped or agricultural land.
The Department of Agricultural Economics, based from the University of Reading, carried out a survey around the late 1960s to early 1970s for the location of Milton Keynes.
The original survey details are archived in the Museum of English Rural Life. There are a range of documents including files, documents, publications, maps and press cuttings that all relate to the Milton Keynes survey that connects to various studies about how Milton Keynes impacts the local agriculture.
The new town research information is also held with the landscape Institute, such as a copy of the Milton Keynes plan published in 1970 by the Milton Keynes Development Corporation.
The plan contains outlined ideas of transitioning land used for rural applications to urban, along with the environmental landscape impact of the new town expansion.
The Milton Keynes landscaping was designed in a very rural and country scene. The design of a very creative lake as part of Loughton Valley Park called Tear Drop Lakes, by Marian Thompson, a trainee landscape architect.
These Newtown developments, such as Milton Keynes, combines a unique relationship between urban areas and the countryside. Important questions need to be researched and answered, such as balancing a growing populations requirements against protecting the environment and landscape.
With Milton Keynes now over 50 years old, the original developments and the rural-urban questions have been asked and answered with success.